Physics 6 Tutorial 16 - The Quantum Atom


In this tutorial, we will explore further the quantum nature of the hydrogen atoms.  We will look at the Lyman, Balmer, and Paschen series of transition lines.  This leads to the equation that helps us to predict the energy levels in the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom.


We then go on to consider the idea of electron waves in boxes in one dimension.  We take this further using two dimensions, before deriving the energy level equation using both classical and quantum ideas.


Key Words:

Spectrum, hydrogen, Lyman series, Balmer series, Paschen series, transitions, electron standing waves, probability, angular momentum, kinetic energy, energy levels.



Spectral Series of Hydrogen Atom


Electron Waves


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Derivation of the equation